Supported Audio Interface Information

Talk about your MIDI interfaces, microphones, keyboards...

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Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby DjPJ » Thu Dec 05, 2019 3:55 pm

Hello to all,

Information on supported audio interfaces on the many Linux distributions is spread out (here, Alsa Project, distro support pages, various forums...). A single repository with a nice big reference table would be great. What works with what and in what context. Moreover, if there was a link to reliable installation, configuration and tweaking guides, that would be great. I presume the croudsourcing project aims to do just that.
If so, BRAVO ! I am in!

Personalty, after 20 years of trying to make music on Windows, a built-in obsolescence time bomb for hardware and software, I am ditching it. Linux is lean and rock solid from what I have seen in my evaluations so far, quite amazing in fact. My stumbling block is the audio interface support with my older Tascam US 144 and the Linux steep learning curve for Newbies like me. The many fixes (forcing USB to 1.1 mode) to get it partially working may have worked on older distributions of Ubuntu Studio (circa rel 16) but perhaps not the latest (19.10). Queries show the USB device but Alsa and Jack fail to see it no matter what I do. Could it be that some older drivers I need may have been ditched in the latest release? maybe I should try to find Studio 16.04 LTS (EOL) and install that and try. Any ideas about that?

This brings me to consider upgrading my audio interface. I need midi interface for older keyboards (though I could solve that with yet another piece of hardware that I have already! Grrrr.). Two devices that fit my budget appear to stand out:
M-Audio M-Track 2x2. Fully supported out of the box.
The Behringer UMC204 HD. Cheaper, appears to be of excellent value and fully supported yet not officially (appears to be some bugs, depends on what distro most likely...)
Any suggestions about this option?

Many thanks in advance to the great people in the open-source community.

Kind regards,

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby milo » Thu Dec 05, 2019 5:12 pm

Have you browsed the Linux Audio wiki? (

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby van_dim » Tue Dec 10, 2019 3:24 pm


For the choice of new audio interface: I own Behringer UMC 404HD (the bigger brother of UMC204HD) and I use it for music production on Ubuntu studio and anything else on PopOS. Haven't seen any bugs so far.
I would suggest you get something confirmed to be working with your environment (distro etc.) as I had to go through 4 other interfaces (one working but unstable, one working only on lower bitrate/resolution, one recognized but not able to record/playback one not recognized at all) before settling down on UMC 404HD which worked out of the box.

Hope this helps.
3700X/Gigabyte X570/16GB DDR4/RX Vega/ Behringer U-Phoria UMC404HD / AKG K701 / AKG K612pro / Ubuntu Studio

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby Death » Wed Dec 11, 2019 5:20 pm

I was just about to post a thread asking for suggestions on audio interfaces but I found your one so I'll see what suggestions you get first before starting my own thread.

Anyway, I've been using the Focusrite Scarlett 2i4 for years on loads of different Ubuntu based distros and now, Manjaro. It's worked great on them all! It also has the old school midi connection. However, I don't rate the build quality that much on these things. I mean, it's really not that bad but the volume controls for the monitor and headphone outputs have always felt a bit crap. The amp seems to have been burning out too as I get a feint signal out of one monitor output channel and both volume controls have been crackly/not always making a connection properly for years.. It was good for maybe 2 years then gradually started going downhill. The thing still works but I need to replace it now as it's no longer reliable enough for mixing.

I think my 2i4 is a first gen, by the way. So the new third gen ones may be built a bit better. I'm really not sure..

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby merlyn » Wed Dec 11, 2019 8:55 pm

There's the ALSA soundcard matrix. which has a list of soundcards and whether they are compatible or not, or partially working, or in development.

For USB there's the class compliant thing. (Hopefully @Drumfix will see this and post the correct version :) ). A USB device is definitely class compliant if it works with an iPad. Some devices need a 'quirk'. I think that means they're nearly class compliant but need a couple of lines of kernel code.

There's a bit of kernel code called quirks-table.h that has all the quirks : ... ks-table.h

I think the most reliable way to find out if a soundcard works with Linux is to find someone online who has tried it.

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby Linuxmusician01 » Thu Dec 12, 2019 10:41 am

I remember another topic about the Tascam US-144 (can't seem to find it anymore though). If I'm not mistaken then here are a few hardware revisions of it (Mark I, Mark II, etc.) that are not hardware compatible. Lots of people struggle w/ this device. Dunno if the Windows driver is still supported. A member/moderator of this forum, Autostatic, has a webpage about the Tascam US-144 Mk II: link. However, since you mention USB 1.1 I think you have an older version of this device. Is it a blue one instead of the more common black one?

Anyway, if buying the Behringer 202 is an option for you I'd do it. I've got its bigger brother (the 404) which works just fine in Linux (its class compliant).

Good luck and don't give up! :)

[edit] The Behringer UMC22 is only € 38.
Last edited by Linuxmusician01 on Thu Dec 12, 2019 12:53 pm, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby Openmastering » Thu Dec 12, 2019 12:17 pm

It's a difficult topic.
There is no centralised info about which soundcard works where.
At the moment, the consensus is to use an USB interface which is class compliant. You don't have the DSP, but you've got all inputs and outputs.

Most 2 channels interfaces have a CC mode and will work with Linux.
There is also some AVB cards working natively on Linux and they use a network internal mixer. Which means you control your soundcard from your web browser.

Maybe it's time we users update the old alsa matrix, right?

The french did already list their Linux soundcards here:
Audio mastering for open minds:
I master music using only free/libre softwares and DIY hardware.
Contact me for a free mastering sample.

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby Linuxmusician01 » Sat Dec 14, 2019 1:26 pm

The topic I "seemed to remember" is a topic about yet another quirky Tascam: the US-16. Link.

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Re: Supported Audio Interface Information

Postby TheYke » Thu Jan 09, 2020 7:17 am

maybe not worth a comment. but maybe it's useful for somebody, as i couldn't find an explicit statement concerning usb-class-compliance.
since a few days i'm using an IK Multimedia iRig Pro I/O as my interface. got recognized immediately and it works stable down to 128 samples without x-runs and a reported latency of 5.33ms.
didn't test midi yet, but it shows up inside the jack-patchbay.
i think that makes up a tiny nice little interface for using it with a mobile rig.

let's see how the long term test goes along, as some users reported not that good build quality. feels nice though.

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